We will treat any medical condition, be it on an approved list or not, on a compassionate basis, if we believe the condition would benefit from the utilization of this benign, non-invasive and humanitarian therapy.


The "Approved" list is about what a 3rd party payer will consider a reimburseable condition.

Below is the approved list of conditions, but there is often more science behind the "off-label" indications than for the approved indications:


  • Air or Gas Embolism

  • Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

  • Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Complicated By Cyanide Poisoning

  • Clostridial Myositis and Myonecrosis (Gas Gangrene)

  • Crush Injury, Compartment Syndrome and Other Acute Traumatic Ischemias

  • Decompression Sickness

  • Arterial Insufficiencies 

  • Central Retinal Artery Occlusion

  • Enhancement of Healing In Selected Problem Wounds

  • Severe Anemia

  • Intracranial Abscess

  • Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infections

  • Osteomyelitis (Refractory)

  • Delayed Radiation Injury (Soft Tissue and Bony Necrosis)

  • Compromised Grafts and Flaps

  • Acute Thermal Burn Injury 

  • Acute Mountain Sickness 

  • Idiopathic Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss (New! approved on October 8, 2011 by the UHMS Board of Directors)


The following conditions have evidence in the medical literature indicating the HBOT could be of assistance, but as of today they are not on the above "approved" list."


  • Delayed-onset Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

  • Bells Palsy

  • Dementia

  • Migraine/Headaches

  • Closed Head Injury

  • Lyme Disease

  • Neuropathy

  • Parkinson’s Disease

  • Vascular Insufficiency

  • RSD (see chronic pain)

  • AIDS

  • Sports Injuries

  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

  • Autism

  • Arthritis

  • Multiple Sclerosis

  • Limb/Digit Reattachment Surgery Recovery

  • Near Drowning

  • Tuberculosis

  • Macular Degeneration



The information provided does not constitute a medical recommendation. It is intended for informational purposes only, and no claims, either real or implied, are being made. 

Traumatic Brain Injury & Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

What is traumatic brain injury?

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is defined as damage to the brain resulting from external mechanical force or penetration of an object into the brain. In addition to the damage caused at the moment of injury, brain trauma causes secondary injury. These secondary complications contribute substantially to the damage from the initial injury and further disrupt normal brain function.


Who does traumatic brain injury usually effect?

Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) occur twice as often in men as women. Higher risk populations are between the ages of 15 and 24 years, and 75 years and older. TBI is known as the signature injury of the Iraq/Afghan Wars. 


What are the most common symptoms of traumatic brain injury?

Traumatic Brain Injury is complex and can have a broad spectrum of symptoms and disabilities. Some of the most common outwards symptoms and effects include: Impulsive behavior, loss of memory, impaired perception, personality changes, loss of taste and smell, diminished concentration, hearing and balance disorders, cognitive fatigue, concussion, coma, and epilepsy.


What are the traditional conventional treatments for traumatic brain injury?

Currently there is no cure for TBI. Initial treatment is to stabilize patient and minimize secondary injury. Long-term treatment is supportive and includes physical and occupational therapy, and psychiatric support through counseling and medication.


Why is traumatic brain injury amenable to oxygen therapy?

When cells in the brain die, blood plasma leaks out into surrounding brain tissue causing swelling and reducing blood flow. These otherwise normal cells go dormant because they can't function without enough oxygen. HBOT dramatically increases the oxygen carried in the blood plasma, making oxygen available to heal damaged capillary walls, reduce swelling, and aid in new blood vessel formation. Blood flow can be restored to the dormant tissue and these cells then have the potential to function again.


What benefits can I expect from oxygen therapy for traumatic brain injury?

Since every patient is different it is hard to predict the result in each individual case. However, we know from 50 years of experience that HBOT is safe and will not make the patient worse. Over 80% of patients achieve improvement in conjunction with physical and occupational therapy. The usual oxygen therapy is once daily, five days a week (M-F) for eight weeks. If a significant response is noted after 40 HBOT additional treatments may be helpful.


Click Here To Read Dr. Stoller's Article on Traumatic Brain Injury



Lyme Disease & HBOT


What is lyme disease?

Lyme disease is most often caused by the bacterium, Borrelia burgdorferi, which is transmitted to humans most often by infected ticks.


A large number of cases are misdiagnosed and quickly develop into a more serious condition known as late disseminated Lyme. The condition may also be complicated by a number of co-infections transmitted from ticks carrying the lyme bacteria.


Who does lyme disease typically affect?

Lyme disease has been reported in all 50 states and is a growing silent epidemic around the world. Lyme-infected ticks have been found in 42 of 58 counties in California. The CDC speculates that because the condition mimics so many other illnesses, the actual number of people with Lyme disease may be 5 to 10 times higher than the estimated  reported cases coping with the disease.


THe true number of cases in the USA are probably in the millions.


What are the most common symptoms of lyme disease?

Early signs of Lyme disease include flu-like symptoms and a Bull's eye rash appears in about 50% of patients. When Lyme disease goes undiagnosed for months or years following infection, the bacteria can spread to the nervous system, the heart and other organs, tendons and joints. This late-stage infection can result in a wide variety of symptoms including arthritis, fatigue, heart abnormalities, Bell's palsy (paralysis of one or both sides of the face) and severe cognitive and/or mental dysfunction. Lyme disease is considered very difficult to treat by the medical community.


What are the traditional treatments for lyme disease?

Lyme disease is a bacterial infection and like other bacterial infections it is treated with antibiotics. Physicians often prescribe a combination of drugs to take advantage of the diverse ways that individual antibiotics affect the Bb organism. Special attention to nutrition and diet are part of the overalltreatment plan and may include herbal supplementation.


Why is lyme disease amenable to oxygen therapy?

Hyperbaric oxygen treatments infuse the body with oxygen, increasing oxygen 10 times normal levels in body tissues through the increased pressure


Lyme bacteria are microaerophilic, meaning they die in high oxygen environments. A study was completed in 1997 by William Fife, Ph. D. at the Texas A & M Hyperbaric Laboratory. The results of the study were significant: improvement in approximately 85 percent of the 66 patients treated with HBOT.


What benefits can I expect from oxygen therapy for lyme disease?

Hyperbaric oxygen has been shown to reduce pain significantly, stimulate the immune system, increase energy, alleviate sleep dysfunction, and reduce cognitive impairment. In most cases, patients are also able to discontinue use of antibiotics or other pharmaceuticals much sooner in the course of their treaqtments.




What is stroke?

Stroke is the sudden interruption of the normal blood supply to the brain (neurons). The acute phase involves the first 72 hours after the onset of symptoms. 


The chronic stroke phase begins after this and extends for many years. The interruption of the normal blood supply may be due to either ischemia - insufficient supply of blood due to a blocked or narrowed vessel (80% of cases) or hemorrhagic - bleeding into the brain tissue itself.  Whatever the cause the loss of brain function is the same.  It may be life-threatening and is the third leading cause of death.  Stroke is the leading cause of disability in the United States.


Who does stroke typically affect?

Stroke is primarily a disease of the elderly - over 65 years of age.  It has a slightly increased incidence in men.  It may occur at any age but in younger people it is usually due to an inherited problem.  Risk factors are high blood pressure, diabetes,

cigarette smoking, high cholesterol and atrial fibrillation.


What are the most common symptoms of stroke?

The neurological findings are entirely due to the location in the brain of the damaged neurons.  It can be anything from a facial or extremity weakness, to loss of vision or the sudden onset of a seizure or unconsciousness.  The diagnosis is confirmed with imaging - either a CT scan or MRI.


What are the traditional treatments for stroke?

If the diagnosis of ischemic stroke is made with 3 hours of the onset of symptoms a clot busting medication such as TPA may be given through an IV in a hospital.  This is less effective if given later.  TPA cannot be given for a hemorrhagic stroke.   Once stabilized, the patient receives intensive physical and occupational therapy in hopes of regaining the activities of daily living and improving the quality of life. No other drugs or surgical intervention is helpful.


Why is stroke helped by oxygen therapy?

When the blood flow to the brain tissue is interrupted due to either an ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke the oxygen supply to the neurons in the brain is cut-off.  The brain represents only 3% of the body weight but uses 20% of the oxygen pumped to the body from the heart.  Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) provides the oxygen necessary to keep the neurons alive and functioning.  In addition, HBOT significantly increases the stem cells in the blood that are mobilized from the bone marrow by 800%.  These new cells move to the brain and contribute to the growth of new neurons and recovery from the stroke.


What benefits can I expect from oxygen therapy for stroke?

Since every patient is different it is hard to predict the result in each individual case.  However, we know from 50 years of experience that HBOT is safe and will not make the patient worse.  Over 80% of patients achieve improvement in conjunction with physical and occupational therapy.  The usual oxygen therapy is once daily, five days a week (M-F) for eight weeks. 


If a significant response is noted

after 40 HBOT additional treatments may be helpful.